Joining the living history: Missa de Angelis

Gerhardt Müller as a bishop

Gerhardt Müller as a bishop


Gerhardt Muller, Prefect of the Congregration for the Doctrine of the Faith, met the three Ordinaries of the Personal Ordinariates in March 2014 just before he was made a cardinal and told them

It is your delicate, but all-important task both to preserve the integrity and distinctiveness of your parish communities and, at the same time, help your people integrate into the larger Catholic community.

We are charged to remain distinctive but not isolated; to integrate without becoming assimilated. Part of the latter is to know the historic music common to the whole Church, with which Anglicans may have become unfamiliar during 300 years of separation.

Illuminated capital from Sanctus, Ranworth Antiphoner, folio 107v

Part of that is the plainsong chant of the ordinary of the Mass — the Kyrie, Gloria, Alleluia, Sanctus and Benedictus and the Agnus Dei. There were eighteen settings published in the Liber Usualis (“The usual book”; “the book of the ordinary”), and a few of those are still used fairly widely in the Church today. One such is Mass IX Missa Orbis Factor (“Creator of the World”); another is Mass VIII, the Missa de Angelis (“Mass of the Angels”). The Missa Simplex which we use during Advent and Lent has been adapted for English words from a number of Latin Masses from the Liber Usualis.

Mass Eight from the Liber Usualis, the Missa de Angelis, is probably the best-known of the traditional settings and is most likely to be used where groups of Catholics join together for a major celebration. Thus, if the new Catholics in the Ordinariates are to be able to integrate and participate in such celebrations, it helps to know it! So we’re using it for six weeks or so up to Advent in order to become more familiar.

It’s in Latin. Adapting plainchant to English words is a hit-and-miss affair even with strophic verses in a regular metre, and Latin is the universal language of the universal Church: it’s international. And it’s a link to the historic tradition of the Liturgy, which was always celebrated in Latin.

To help with learning a new Mass, we’ve produced leaflets with the words and dots to follow, both in the four-line plainsong notation of the Liber Usualis and on modern five-line staves as published in Laudate. It’s also in Liturgical Hymns Old and New (the light-blue one), and it’s Andrew Moore’s accompaniment from that book which we’re using. NB: Some browsers won’t display these PDF documents correctly. If you have problems, right-click the links, save the files to your computer and then open them.

To help more, we’ve found quite a good recording which you can play using the player under the illustration. It’s almost the entire setting sung by I Sentieri della Fede. Because the acoustic at St Agnes isn’t as large as theirs, we sing it slightly faster; but their recording is taken at a reasonable speed for learning by following the music. Part of the Missa de Angelis which is already well known is the Alleluia which we’ve been using right from the start. That’s not included in the recording or the leaflets here; neither is the Dismissal, which uses the music from the Kyrie at the start of Mass.

With the addition of this setting to the repertoire the community uses, we have five settings available: Peter Jones’s Parish Mass; Alan Smith’s Pershore Mass; Marty Haugen’s New Mass of Creation; the Missal’s Missa Simplex; and the Missa de Angelis. There’s room for at least one more to ensure a variety through the year without getting stale. If you have any suggestions for what we might use (or the style of music another setting might employ) please do speak to Andrew or Mary.

Prayers for the Synod on the Family

Pope Francis blesses a baby

Pope Francis has composed a Prayer to the Holy Family for the Synod, and the Church also offers the following proposed intentions for use during the Prayers of the Faithful at Mass during the synod. These intentions can also be included in the petitions at Lauds and Vespers. The recitation of the Holy Rosary is also recommended for the duration of the synodal assembly.

Prayer to the Holy Family for the Synod

Jesus, Mary and Joseph,
in you we contemplate
the splendour of true love,
to you we turn with trust.

Holy Family of Nazareth,
grant that our families too
may be places of communion and prayer,
authentic schools of the Gospel
and small domestic Churches.

Holy Family of Nazareth,
may families never again
experience violence, rejection and division:
may all who have been hurt or scandalized
find ready comfort and healing.

Holy Family of Nazareth,
may the Synod of Bishops
make us once more mindful
of the sacredness and inviolability of the family,
and its beauty in God’s plan.

Jesus, Mary and Joseph,
graciously hear our prayer.
Amen.

Prayer of the Faithful

Brothers and Sisters,

gathered together as God’s family and inspired by our faith, we raise our minds and hearts to the Father, that our families, sustained by the grace of Christ, might become true domestic churches where all live and bear witness to God’s love.

Together we pray:
Lord, bless and sanctify our families.

For Pope Francis: the Lord has called him to preside over the Church in charity; sustain him in his ministry of service to the communion of the episcopal college and the entire People of God, we pray:

For the synod fathers and the other participants at the III Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops: may the Spirit of the Lord enlighten their minds so that the Church might respond, in faithfulness to God’s plan, to the challenges facing the family, we pray:

For those who have the responsibility of governing nations: that the Holy Spirit might inspire programmes which acknowledge the value of the family as the basic unit of society in God’s plan and which offer support to families in difficulty, we pray:

For Christian families: may the Lord who has sealed the union of husband and wife with his presence, make our families cenacles of prayer and ardent communities of life and love, after the example of the Holy Family of Nazareth, we pray:

For couples undergoing difficulties: may the Lord, rich in mercy, be present to them through the Church’s motherly care and concern in showing understanding and patience in their journey towards pardon and reconciliation, we pray:

For families who, for the sake of the Gospel, are forced leave their fatherland: may the Lord who endured exile with Mary and Joseph, comfort them with his grace and open for them paths of fraternal charity and human solidarity, we pray:

For grandparents: may the Lord who was received in the Temple by the elders Simeon and Anna, make them wise collaborators with parents in transmitting the faith and the raising their children, we pray:

For children: may the Lord of life, who in his ministry welcomed them and made them a model for entering the Kingdom of heaven, inspire a respect for life in the womb and programmes in raising children which conform to the Christian outlook towards life, we pray:

For young people: may the Lord, who made holy the Wedding at Cana, lead them to discover the beauty of the sacredness and inviolability of the family in God’s plan and sustain engaged couples as they prepare for marriage, we pray:

O God, you never forsake the work of your hands, hear our prayer; send the Spirit of your Son to enlighten the Church as the synodal journey begins, so that contemplating the splendour of true love which shines forth in the Holy Family of Nazareth, she might learn the freedom and obedience to respond with boldness and mercy to the challenges of today’s world. Through Christ Our Lord.

Amen.

(from Vatican Radio via the Vatican News Service)

Called to be One: the Video

A feature of Called to be One nationwide was the video presentation featuring the Ordinary, Msgr Keith Newton, and clergy and laity of the Ordinariate. It’s designed to answer a number of frequently-asked questions which you may also have had in your mind. It’s in two parts.


Called to be One : Part 1


Called to be One : Part 2

Called to be One

Open-air Mass at the National Shrine

Open-air Mass at the National Shrine

Called to be One is an exploration day designed for people who are not currently members of the Ordinariate but who are interested in the vision for truth and unity in communion with the successor of Peter which it offers, and who wish to learn more about it.

Ordinariate groups across the country are organising activities to show those who want to know more what it means to be part of this great ecumenical project. Our programme is as follows — there are lots of other groups doing things as well. The programme here in Eastbourne has many of the elements of a pilgrimage to Walsingham.

10:00 The day starts in the hall at St Agnes
Blessing of the new Statue of Our Lady of Walsingham
10:15 Procession into church
First Visit and Intercessions
Rosary
11:15 Coffee: Refreshments are available
11:40 Presentation, questions and answers
Including a video presentation
12:40 Lunch. Please bring lunch. Drinks available
1:40 The afternoon starts in the hall at St Agnes
Sprinkling
1:55 Exposition and Sacrament of Reconciliation
2:55 Benediction
3:00 Tea: Refreshments are available
After 3:30 Evensong

We expect the day to finish around 4:15, when Confessions start before the Parish Mass at 5:00. The Ordinariate celebrates Mass on Sunday 7 September at 4:00 as usual.

Being enhanced by the Weak.

As you may have noticed, Fr Neil has recently discovered Twitter. He enjoys its format and, in the middle of writing his sermon, will often tweet. Getting his thoughts down to 140 characters helps with the process. He also likes keeping up with a selection of MotoGP riders.

However, this morning Twitter was not interesting and entertaining, for up on his feed popped up an interchange involving Richard Dawkins. As Dawkins is not Catholic nor an incredibly talented motorbike rider, this was unusual. Curiosity turned to horror as Neil read a conversation, in which this New Atheist prophet puts forward the principle that it is immoral not to abort a baby diagnosed in pre-natal tests as having Downs Syndrome. The force of his argument seemed to be around the idea that Downs Syndrome people do not enhance society. In one tweet he says that those on the Autistic spectrum are acceptable to him because they can and do ‘enhance society’ although he doesn’t specify how. I imagine he is talking about those on the ‘higher functioning’ end of the Spectrum.

This is pure eugenics, where an individual’s worth is determined by an arbitrary concept of what it is to ‘enhance’ society. This, of course, is a highly debatable concept but I’m guessing (and I might be wrong here) that Dawkins’ concept revolves round intellectual capacity and the superiority of the intellect. Whatever the prejudice underlying his views, this idea of ‘enhancement’ is highly problematic. Who defines who ‘enhances’ society? How is contribution to be defined? Once you start putting conditions on someone’s worth you stray into dangerous moral territory. Where do you draw the line? If you move away from the standpoint that all human life has utter intrinsic value, you leave the weak and vulnerable in great danger.

The Twitter conversation was in stark contrast to the writing of Henri Nouwen. Last Lent we used his book “The Return of the Prodigal Son” as our study book. It is a profound, beautifully written account of Nouwen’s own spiritual life after encountering Rembrandt’s painting of the same name.

In the Epilogue Nouwen writes about his move to a L’Arche Community. Nouwen had spent much of his life in academia, including time at both Yale and Harvard, among some of the most talented of intellectuals.

He writes:
“The L’Arche community gradually became my home. Never in my life did I dream that men and women with mental handicap would be the ones who would put their hands on me in a gesture of blessing and offer me a home. For a long time, I had sought safety and security among the wise and clever, hardly aware that the things of the Kingdom were revealed to “little children”; that God has chosen “those who by human standards are fools to shame the wise.”

But when I experienced the warm, unpretentious reception of those who have nothing to boast about, and experience a loving embrace from people who didn’t ask any questions, I began to discover that a true spiritual homecoming means a return to the poor in spirit to whom the Kingdom of Heaven belongs. The embrace of the Father became very real to me in the embraces of the mentally poor.”

Later Nouwen continues:

“Life in community does not keep the darkness away. To the contrary, it seems that the light that attracted me to L’Arche also made me conscious of the darkness in myself. Jealousy, anger, the feeling of being rejected or neglected, the sense of not truly belonging – all of these emerge in the context of a community striving for a life of forgiveness, reconciliation and healing. Community life has opened me up to the real spiritual combat: the struggle to keep moving towards the light precisely when the darkness is so real…Handicapped people have little to lose. Without guile they show me who they are. They openly express their love as well as their fear, their gentleness as well as their anguish, their generosity as well as their selfishness. By just simply being who they are, they break through my sophisticated defences and demand that I be as open with them as they are with me. Their handicap unveils my own. Their vulnerabilities show me my own. By forcing me to confront the elder son in me, L’Arche opened the way to bring him home. The same handicapped people who welcomed me home and invited me to celebrate also confronted me with my not yet converted self and made me aware that the journey was far from ended.”

As Nouwen lays bear the spiritual experience of his life at L’Arche, we see how this dynamic of welcome and challenge, changed profoundly who he was. His awareness of himself, and of his vocation, deepened because he had to face the darkest parts of his personality and embrace an uncomfortable vulnerability. Something happens to us when we look at our own weakness, our faults and our poverty. It is painful but ultimately transforming to see where we are impatient, selfish, and incompetent and where we hate. For Nouwen this gift did not come from amongst the “clever” or “gifted” at America’s top two universities. It did not happen in the closed world of academia. His life was ‘enhanced’ by those many despise, fear and ignore. The change brought about by this blessed uncomfortable life in community is profound. Through it Nouwen discovers himself. It is a gift that is seen in all its glory as he writes openly and honestly. He passes on what he has received through vulnerability from those with learning difficulties.

Nouwen shows us clearly, what lies in his heart during his own journey. With Dawkins we can only wonder at what goes on inside his heart to reveal how he despises the weak, (you have to despise or hate a group of people if you want them terminated just because they are genetically different.) Is it an engagement with weakness and vulnerability that he fears – doesn’t hatred often come from fear? Is it, like Nouwen, the reluctance to be open to that darker side of jealously, selfishness, arrogance and the fear of not belonging? We may well never know. As long as Dawkins continues to call for those who are weak and lacking ‘normal’ intellect to be aborted he can never respond to the invitation that people with learning difficulties, including those with Downs Syndrome, offer him. All the time he defines people by an arbitrary understanding of “enhancing society” those who offer a homecoming through their poverty can never bless him. We are left asking, who is the truly impoverished one here?

St Ignatius and thinking with the Church: Context and Disposition.

I was reflecting recently on St Ignatius’ ‘Rules for thinking with the Church.’ In our journey from the Anglican Communion to being part of the Catholic Church, the riches of tradition and teaching have been a rare and beautiful gain. It is a gain that is both freeing and challenging. I find St Ignatius’ rules, therefore very helpful as I learn more.

When looking at the rules there are a couple of things to remember. First, St Ignatius was living in a time that was at least as turbulent as ours. The Reformation was in full swing, religion and power often went hand in hand, with disastrous and unjust consequences across Europe. In some senses media and the Internet disseminates information, ideas and propaganda incredibly quickly and this provides a similar turbulence in our own time. Our engagement with this media can be fast and unthinking. It is tempting to take on ideas without properly thinking them through.

Secondly, the ‘Rules’ come within the context of the Spiritual Exercises. St Ignatius’ aim in the exercises is that a person would be drawn into an ever-deeper relationship with God. His main concern was the ‘orientating of the soul towards God.’ The rules for thinking (or feeling- of being of one heart) with Christ’s Church are all contributing to this aim.

The exercises begin by focusing on the goodness, generosity and mercy of God. They also look at those things that get in the way of a truly free response to our Creator. St Ignatius is very aware, from his own experience and that of his companions and friends, of the part our sinful self plays in our lives. St Ignatius saw how our sinful nature allowed our ‘self’ to take over and run amok in our spiritual lives. He also saw how we can be ‘blown this way and that’ by turbulence of our particular time. His rules for thinking with the Church are designed to free us from this in our approach to the issues of our day and to God’s revelation of himself, through the Church.

There are quite a few rules but they can be grouped in several categories, which I want to look at, over a couple of posts. The first rule, itself, is a stark reminder. St Ignatius writes “Laying aside all judgment of our own, we should keep our minds disposed and ready to obey in everything the true bride of Christ our Lord, which is our Holy mother the hierarchical Church. (Paragraph 353).

This underpins all that comes later. One thing that is important here is the attitude Ignatius wants us to have in relation to anything to do with the Church. This attitude can be summed up in the words ‘humility’ and ‘balance.’

When we engage with the Church, of which we are a part, we need to be prepared that we might be wrong. Today the Internet, the media and conversations are often full of entrenched opinions. It is easy to be opinionated. “I know what is right and I’m going to get it across.” It can be summed up by the cartoon of an individual on the computer, whose partner is asking them to come to bed. They refuse because “Someone is wrong on the Internet.”

St Ignatius describes this balance in his Principle and Foundation. David Fleming SJ translates one particular line as “In everyday life, then, we must hold ourselves in balance…For everything has the potential of calling forth in us a deeper response to our life in God.” It is this balance that allows us to “Find God in all things” including in our relationship with his Church.

First, when we engage with the Church’s teaching we need to have this open disposition. Secondly, we need to remember what the Church is. In the second part of this rule St Ignatius describes the Church as the true bride of Christ and our mother. Michael Ivens writes “The two images of spouse and mother, standing respectfully for the Church’s relationship to Christ and to ourselves, express the mystery of the Church. For Ignatius they were powerful images with strong affective overtones and together they establish the characteristic ‘filial’ quality of his ecclesial spirituality.”

Do we really believe that the Church is the Bride of Christ? Do we really believe she is our mother? If we do, then this has implications. The Church is not a human institution. It is God’s. We do not own it. Another question arises. If the Church is God’s, do we trust God to use the Church to bring about his purposes? If we don’t trust God in this maybe we need to look a whole lot closer at our relationship with him. It is a common problem, not trusting God. However, if we are prepared to trust we must not assume that the Church is wrong when we, as individuals, disagree with part of its teaching. Maybe there is something in a particular teaching that we need to investigate.

And there is another facet to this, which George Ashenbrenner SJ describes like this. “The attitude presented is that of someone fully within the Church. The preposition within catches this refinement. We, as any localised group of believers, never own the Church, because the Church is Christ’s spouse. Yet, as God’s embracing a variety of roles of service, we all constitute the Church.” There is not ‘me’ or ‘us’ and ‘The Church’ as separate entities. We cannot stand outside ‘The Church’ and pass judgement on ‘it’ as if ‘it’ were an object. In our life in Christ, we are caught up into the Church, a member of His bride, part of his body.

To sum up, in our relationship to the Church we have to make sure we are open to what God is doing. For this we need humility and balance and we need to remember that the Church belongs to God and trust that, despite what we see, He is working his purposes out. This is why St Ignatius asks us to set aside our own judgment, to let go of our own opinions. And there is also something more. Ashenbrenner again. “The intimately personal love you have for the risen Jesus spills over into a love for his spouse the Church. A similar personal love of commitment is involved in relating to the Church as a dearly beloved mother.” With this attitude we are more able to access the riches of the Churches teaching and deepen our knowledge and love of God.